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How do woman get pregnant

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For the best chance of getting pregnant, you need to get your eggs and your partner's sperm together as often as possible. More than 8 out of 10 couples where the woman is aged under 40 will get pregnant within one year if they have regular unprotected sex. More than 9 out of 10 couples will get pregnant within two years. Having vaginal sex every 2 to 3 days will give you the best chance of getting pregnant.

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SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Calculating ovulation: the optimum time for getting pregnant

Age and Fertility (booklet)

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Fertility changes with age. Both males and females become fertile in their teens following puberty. For girls, the beginning of their reproductive years is marked by the onset of ovulation and menstruation. It is commonly understood that after menopause women are no longer able to become pregnant.

Generally, reproductive potential decreases as women get older, and fertility can be expected to end 5 to 10 years before menopause. Even though women today are healthier and taking better care of themselves than ever before, improved health in later life does not offset the natural age-related decline in fertility. It is important to understand that fertility declines as a woman ages due to the normal age-related decrease in the number of eggs that remain in her ovaries.

This decline may take place much sooner than most women expect. During their reproductive years, women have regular monthly menstrual periods because they ovulate regularly each month. The pituitary hormone that stimulates the ovaries is called follicle-stimulating hormone FSH. Normally, only one of those follicles will reach maturity and release an egg ovulate ; the remainder gradually will stop growing and degenerate.

Pregnancy results if the egg becomes fertilized and implants in the lining of the uterus endometrium. If pregnancy does not occur, the endometrium is shed as the menstrual flow and the cycle begins again. In their early teens, girls often have irregular ovulation resulting in irregular menstrual cycles, but by age 16 they should have established regular ovulation resulting in regular periods.

As time passes, she will begin to skip ovulation resulting in missed periods. Ultimately, periods become increasingly infrequent until they cease completely. When a woman has not had a menstrual period for 1 full year, she is said to be in menopause. As women age, fertility declines due to normal, age-related changes that occur in the ovaries. Unlike men, who continue to produce sperm throughout their lives, a woman is born with all the egg-containing follicles in her ovaries that she will ever have.

At birth there are about one million follicles. By puberty that number will have dropped to about , Of the follicles remaining at puberty, only about will be ovulated during the reproductive years.

The majority of follicles are not used up by ovulation, but through an ongoing gradual process of loss called atresia. Atresia is a degenerative process that occurs regardless of whether you are pregnant, have normal menstrual cycles, use birth control, or are undergoing infertility treatment. Smokers appear to experience menopause about 1 year earlier than non-smokers.

Fertility gradually declines in the 30s, particularly after age That means that for every fertile year-old women trying to get pregnant in 1 cycle, 20 will be successful and the other 80 will have to try again.

Women do not remain fertile until menopause. The average age for menopause is 51, but most women become unable to have a successful pregnancy sometime in their mids. These percentages are true for natural conception as well as conception using fertility treatment, including in vitro fertilization IVF. The age-related loss of female fertility happens because both the quality and the quantity of eggs gradually decline.

Sperm quality deteriorates somewhat as men get older, but it generally does not become a problem before a man is in his 60s. Though not as abrupt or noticeable as the changes in women, changes in fertility and sexual functioning do occur in men as they grow older.

Despite these changes, there is no maximum age at which a man cannot father a child, as evidenced by men in their 60s and 70s conceiving with younger partners. As men age, their testes tend to get smaller and softer, and sperm morphology shape and motility movement tend to decline.

In addition, there is a slightly higher risk of gene defects in their sperm. Aging men may develop medical illnesses that adversely affect their sexual and reproductive function. Not all men experience significant changes in reproductive or sexual functioning as they age, especially men who maintain good health over the years. Decreased libido may be related to low levels of testosterone.

Women become less likely to become pregnant and more likely to have miscarriages because egg quality decreases as the number of remaining eggs dwindle in number. These changes are most noted as she reaches her mid-to-late 30s.

An important change in egg quality is the frequency of genetic abnormalities called aneuploidy too many or too few chromosomes in the egg. At fertilization, a normal egg should have 23 chromosomes, so that when it is fertilized by a sperm also having 23 chromosomes, the resulting embryo will have the normal total of 46 chromosomes.

As a woman gets older, more and more of her eggs have either too few or too many chromosomes. That means that if fertilization occurs, the embryo also will have too many or too few chromosomes. Most people are familiar with Down syndrome, a condition that results when the embryo has an extra chromosome Most embryos with too many or too few chromosomes do not result in pregnancy at all or result in miscarriage. This helps explain the lower chance of pregnancy and higher chance of miscarriage in older women.

Since women are born with all of the follicles they will ever have, the pool of waiting follicles is gradually used up. As ovarian reserve declines, the follicles become less and less sensitive to FSH stimulation, so that they require more stimulation for an egg to mature and ovulate.

At first, periods may come closer together resulting in short cycles, 21 to 25 days apart. Eventually, the follicles become unable to respond well enough to consistently ovulate, resulting in long, irregular cycles.

Diminished ovarian reserve is usually age-related and occurs due to the natural loss of eggs and decrease in the average quality of the eggs that remain. However, young women may have reduced ovarian reserve due to smoking, family history of premature menopause, and prior ovarian surgery.

Young women may have diminished ovarian reserve even if they have no known risk factors. There are medical tests for ovarian reserve, but none have been proven to reliably predict the possibility of becoming pregnant. These tests do not determine whether or not a woman can become pregnant, but they can determine that age-related changes of the ovaries have begun. Women with poor ovarian reserve have a lower chance of becoming pregnant than women with normal ovarian reserve in their same age group.

High levels of FSH or estrogen indicate that ovarian reserve is low. However, many women with diminished ovarian reserve will have normal levels of FSH on day 3, so a normal day-3 FSH does not confirm normal ovarian reserve. Other tests of ovarian reserve that are sometimes utilized include the clomiphene citrate challenge test CCCT and ultrasound assessment of follicle numbers, called the antral follicle count.

Infertility usually is diagnosed if a woman has not become pregnant after 1 year of unprotected intercourse i. However, if she is 35 or older, the evaluation should begin after 6 months of trying unsuccessfully to conceive. If a couple has an obvious medical problem affecting their ability to conceive, such as absence of periods amenorrhea , sexual dysfunction, a history of pelvic disease, or prior surgery, they should begin the infertility evaluation immediately.

Fertility tests may include ovulation detection and evaluation of the fallopian tubes, cervix, and uterus. The male partner will have a semen analysis. Most testing can be completed within 6 months, and appropriate treatment can be started immediately after the evaluation is completed.

Women who have a medical disorder, such as high blood pressure or diabetes, should talk with their clinical care provider before attempting pregnancy. It is important that health problems are under control. The clinical care provider may suggest a change in medication or general health care before pregnancy as there are increased risks for older women.

Conditions such as high blood pressure or diabetes develop more commonly in women who conceive after age Special monitoring and testing may be recommended during pregnancy.

Preconception counseling is often beneficial as well. Children born to women over age 35 have a higher risk of chromosomal problems. Women can choose to discuss these risks with their clinical care provider or a genetic counselor prior to attempting pregnancy. Prenatal testing may be performed after conception to check for certain birth defects. Amniocentesis and chorionic villus sampling are two methods of prenatal testing.

Blood testing and ultrasound also may be used as screening tests for certain birth defects. Many parents want to know as much about the pregnancy as possible so they can make informed decisions. If a cause for infertility is identified, the clinical care provider may suggest a specific treatment.

This procedure is called intrauterine insemination IUI and causes minimal discomfort. For more information on assisted reproductive technologies, refer to the ASRM patient information booklet titled Assisted Reproductive Technologies. Egg donation, which involves the use of eggs donated by another woman who is typically in her 20s or early 30s, is highly successful.

The high success rate with egg donation confirms that egg quality associated with age is the primary barrier to pregnancy in older women. If you are over 40, your chance of successful pregnancy is much higher in IVF cycles using donor eggs, but many couples or single women in their early 40s will choose to accept the lower chance of become pregnant and use their own eggs.

At the same time, the egg recipient is given hormone therapy to prepare her uterus to receive the fertilized eggs embryos. Any embryos that are not transferred may be frozen cryopreserved for a future cycle. Donor-egg IVF offers a woman an opportunity to experience pregnancy, birth, and motherhood.

The child, however, will not be genetically related to her but will be genetically related to the father and the egg donor. Many programs recommend counseling so that all parties in a donor-egg agreement understand the ethical, legal, psychological, and social issues involved.

Because success depends heavily upon the quality of eggs that are donated, women in their 20s with proven fertility are ideal donors. Women who wish to delay childbearing until their late 30s or early 40s may consider methods of fertility preservation such as freezing of embryos after IVF or retrieving and freezing eggs for later use.

The success of embryo freezing cryopreservation is well established, but it requires that the woman have a male partner or use donor sperm. Egg freezing for preservation of fertility is a new technology that shows promise for success.

Age remains a problem faced by women interested in using elective egg freezing. As the age of women undergoing egg freezing increases, the outcomes of assisted reproductive technology cycles utilizing their frozen eggs become less favorable. New technologies that will allow testing of embryos for chromosomal abnormalities are currently being investigated. This technology applies to embryos created during a cycle of IVF.

It may be particularly useful for older women.

If you want to get pregnant, timing is everything

You want to do everything right in bed to maximize your chances of conceiving. No methods have been proven to produce a pregnancy. Yet a few changes to the timing and frequency of your lovemaking might help increase your odds of success.

Visit coronavirus. Infertility is defined as not being able to become pregnant after having regular intercourse sex without birth control after one year or after six months if a woman is 35 years or older. Fertility means being able to become pregnant conceive , and it involves many steps, which must work just right for a woman to become pregnant.

Although there are a number of days in the month when you are more fertile, there has not been a lot of high-quality research into whether timing sex around the 'fertility window' increases your chances of pregnancy. Having regular, unprotected sex every 2 to 3 days without contraception will give you the best chance of success. More than 9 out of 10 couples will get pregnant within two years. If you find that regular sex is too stressful or if you are unable to do it for other reasons, working out the time you are most likely to be fertile in the month makes sense. This is sometimes referred to as your 'fertile window' and there are various ways that you can work out when it happens for you.

What days can you get pregnant?

To optimize women's fertility, taking better care of their bodies is a good first step. But what else can women do to improve their odds of having a baby? The most important advice for a woman who wants to get pregnant is to get to know her body, specifically her menstrual cycle, said Dr. Mary Ellen Pavone, a reproductive endocrinologist and infertility specialist and medical director of the in-vitro fertilization program at Northwestern Medicine's Fertility and Reproductive Medicine department in Chicago. A woman who wants to have a baby should monitor whether the first days of her periods tend to come the same number of days apart every month, which is considered regular. Conversely, her periods may be irregular, meaning her cycle lengths vary from month to month. By tracking this information on a calendar, a woman can better predict when she might be ovulating , which is the time when her ovaries will release an egg every month. However, a man's sperm can survive in a woman's body for up to five days. Women with regular cycles ovulate about two weeks before the arrival of their periods, Pavone said.

Trying to Conceive: 10 Tips for Women

If you buy something through a link on this page, we may earn a small commission. How this works. When trying to conceive, it can be helpful to know when ovulation occurs and when a person is most fertile. Some people may wish to track their fertile window to avoid pregnancy. Females are most fertile within a day or two of ovulation , which is when the ovaries release an egg.

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It's a common misconception that if a woman has sex during her period she cannot become pregnant. While a woman is unlikely to get pregnant during her period, it is absolutely possible. Hakakha says. If there is no fertilization, the lining of the uterus is sloughed off about 14 days later.

Infertility

For people trying for a baby, it helps to know when a woman is most fertile and when to have sex to increase their chances of having a baby. When a woman ovulates, an egg is released from the ovary and if there is sperm waiting around at that time there is a good chance that it will be fertilised and grow into a baby over the next nine months. To work out the day of ovulation, it helps to know how to count the days in a menstrual cycle.

If you're hoping to conceive, don't leave it to luck. Know how to get pregnant — starting with predicting ovulation and do's and don'ts for maximizing fertility. Some couples seem to get pregnant simply by talking about it. For others, it takes time. If you're looking for tips on how to get pregnant, here's what you need to know.

Can I get pregnant if I have sex without penetration?

Fertility changes with age. Both males and females become fertile in their teens following puberty. For girls, the beginning of their reproductive years is marked by the onset of ovulation and menstruation. It is commonly understood that after menopause women are no longer able to become pregnant. Generally, reproductive potential decreases as women get older, and fertility can be expected to end 5 to 10 years before menopause. Even though women today are healthier and taking better care of themselves than ever before, improved health in later life does not offset the natural age-related decline in fertility. It is important to understand that fertility declines as a woman ages due to the normal age-related decrease in the number of eggs that remain in her ovaries. This decline may take place much sooner than most women expect.

Aug 10, - Though a woman doesn't have to climax to get pregnant, the movement of her orgasm can help propel sperm closer to their destination. Control  ‎Timing · ‎Positions · ‎Frequency · ‎Lubricant.

Back to Pregnancy. Yes, although the risk of getting pregnant in this way is very low. If you want to avoid getting pregnant, you should use contraception. A man's semen the liquid produced when he ejaculates or "comes" contains millions of sperm.

Timing of sex for pregnancy

Having sex intercourse during this time gives you the best chance of getting pregnant. Ovulation is when a mature egg is released from the ovary. The egg then moves down the fallopian tube where it can be fertilised. Pregnancy is technically only possible if you have sex during the five days before ovulation or on the day of ovulation.

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Comments: 1
  1. Nikosar

    In my opinion you are mistaken. I can prove it.

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